Kneading is the process that brings the dough together, develops the strands of gluten and creates a silky and strong dough ready to be baked. Why do we knead dough?Mar 14, 2018
When you mix flour and water, two key proteins within the flour, gliadin and glutenin, combine to form strands of gluten. Kneading warms up those strands, which allows the proteins to expand during fermentation and encourages the molecules to bond, making for a more elastic dough with better structure.
To do this, tear off a chunk of dough and stretch it between your fingers. If the dough tears, you haven’t developed enough gluten and it needs more kneading. If it stretches without breaking, making a windowpane of sorts, you’re done and you can let the dough rest.
For best results, knead the dough for three minutes until it cleans the side of the bowl. It would be best if you continued kneading for three to four more minutes until the dough forms a ball. It should not take more than eight minutes when kneading in an automatic mixer.
The windowpane test is one of the best ways to tell if you’ve sufficiently kneaded your bread dough. … The dough must be thin enough to pass light through it. If it is obtained without any tear, then your dough is properly kneaded. If your dough breaks easily, keep kneading and repeat the test again in a few minutes.
On a practical level, it takes up to 25 minutes—and some well-developed forearm muscles—to knead dough fully by hand, and just about 8 minutes in the stand mixer with the dough hook. However, if you do not own a stand mixer, you can still make a good loaf of bread from most doughs.
No knead dough doesn’t rise like standard yeast breads, it only puffs up and gets bubbly. It will be a little bigger after the resting time but don’t look for a much larger volume. Your yeast may not be fresh and should not be used past the expiration date.
This will result in a bread that has more air pockets and bigger “bubbles” in the final texture of the bread. Long story short; Do not knead no knead bread, as the yeast content is greatly less than a regular loaf, and it will destroy the purpose of all of the long resting times.
Dense or heavy bread can be the result of not kneading the dough long enough. Mixing the salt and yeast together or Losing patience in the middle of molding your bread and there is not enough tension in your finished loaf before baking.
The secret of successful rising
Most recipes call for the bread to double in size – this can take one to three hours, depending on the temperature, moisture in the dough, the development of the gluten, and the ingredients used.
Toughness is usually the result of either too much gluten (which in turn comes from using a flour too high in protein), or not enough fat (or possibly adding the fat at the wrong time). Poor volume on the other hand is usually the result of using low-protein flour, and thus not having enough gluten formation.
If your dough is too dry it can form a crust before it had time to rise in the oven. This will cause the crust of your bread to crack and let the air out of the bread wherever it cracks and expand those cracks into bigger cracks or “bursts”.
After the first rise you should knead your dough very briefly, and gently, to avoid tearing. This allows the large bubbles to be deflated and dispersed, ready for another rise. Being gentle prevents tearing the gluten network which is delicate after resting, and crucial for a good bread.
Can you let bread rise three times? Yes, you can let bread rise 3-4 times, but it’s generally unnecessary and won’t yield any better results unless you’re knocking it back for a specific reason. You can even let your bread rise overnight in the fridge.
The windowpane test is one of the best ways to tell if you’ve sufficiently kneaded your bread dough, though it can sound like a pretty bizarre instruction when you come across it in a recipe! … If you can stretch the dough without it breaking, that means the gluten is well-developed and your dough is ready to rise.
Breads that are made with yeast include all kinds of loaves, rolls and buns as well as baguettes and ciabatta. Other bread-like foods containing yeast are soft pretzels, bagels, English muffins, bread sticks, pizza and sometimes biscuits.
If your dough is so sticky that it sticks to everything, you need to add a little flour to it. As you are kneading it, make sure that your hands and your work surface are coated in a light dusting of flour, and add a few teaspoons of flour at a time. This will get rid of the stickiness.
Pastry dough becomes crumbly mainly when it is too dry. If there is not enough moisture to hold the dough together, it will just fall apart. … Too Much Flour- If you add a little too much flour, your dough will be crumbly. It doesn’t take a lot of excess flour to make a dough fall apart.
If so, this is probably under-kneaded dough. Knead in additional flour until smooth and silky to the touch and dough no longer sticks to your hand. Let rest and rise in a warm wet environment. Repeat if needed.
The introduction of pan baking made bread softer and puffier. In the 19th century a distaste for “sourness” (ironically the same “sourness” that makes San Francisco sourdough and other sourdoughs so great) led to the introduction of baking soda to bread, which made it puffier still.
If you pick up a slice of bread and examine it closely, you can see that it is full of air holes. This makes it spongy and soft. … The carbon dioxide gas created by yeast is what gives bread its airy texture, and the alcohol, which burns off during baking, leaves behind an important component of bread’s flavor.
Too much yeast could cause the dough to go flat by releasing gas before the flour is ready to expand. If you let the dough rise too long, it will start having a yeast or beer smell and taste and ultimately deflate or rise poorly in the oven and have a light crust.
Basic dough ingredients are usually flour, yeast, salt, and water. Mix the ingredients well with a wooden spoon in preparation for kneading. … Keep stirring it with a spoon until all the ingredients are combined. If you’re having trouble moving the wooden spoon through the dough, it’s ready to be kneaded.
Dusting the top of your loaves with flour prior to scoring will ensure maximum contrast between white flour and dark, baked crust. … At this point, the dough is ready for you to score and bake.
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