What is the capital of Georgia? Top 3 reasons why you should travel Georgia

What is the capital of Georgia?

If you are like most people, you probably know that Atlanta is the capital of Georgia. But if someone asks you “what is the capital of georgia?” how would you respond?

A quick Google search will give a list of options to choose from, but which one is correct? In this article we’ll cover all your questions about what state capitals are and how they’re chosen. We’ll also share some fun facts about each state’s capitol. Are there any other interesting facts about these cities that we missed in our list above or do you have a question for us at State Capitals Answers ? If so please leave it in a comment below!

What is the capital of Georgia? Top 3 reasons why you should travel Georgia
What is the capital of Georgia? Top 3 reasons why you should travel Georgia

What is the Capital of Georgia?

Tbilisi is the capital of Georgia and is located on both sides of the Kura River.

Tbilisi is an industrial, social and cultural center. It is also located on the transition line of an important global energy project (Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline). The city is located on the historic Silk Road. Therefore, in Russia’s North Caucasus, Turkey and the South Caucasus, Armenia, and Azerbaijan it has had an important role to play in history.

When did Tbilisi Become the Capital?

David IV of Georgia entered the city of Tbilisi in 1122 and provided absolute sovereignty. The Kingdom of Georgia carried the administrative center from Kutaisi to Tbilisi, and Tbilisi became the capital of Georgia. In the 12th and 13th centuries when the golden age of Georgia lived, Tbilisi showed great improvement and the population of the city reached 80,000.

The city has become a center of culture and literature. In the Queen Tamar era, the famous poet Shota Rustaveli continued to work in Tbilisi and probably wrote his famous epic, The Man in the Panther’s Skin. In this era, it is referred to as the Georgian Renaissance or the Golden Age.

After the Golden Age

Tbilisi’s “Golden Age” did not last a hundred years. In 1236, after the Mongol invasion, Georgia entered the Mongol domination. The Tbilisi, both politically and culturally, was under the influence of a powerful Mongolian the following century. In the 1320s the Mongols were removed from the country and Tbilisi became the capital of the Georgian state. However, the city faced a new destruction in 1366. From the 14th century until the end of the 18th century, Tbilisi came under the invasion of various forces. Timur, Shah Jahan, Uzun Hasan, Aga Mohammed have plundered the city.

After the Revolution of 1917, Tbilisi was the capital of the Transcaucasian Federation and then the independent Democratic Republic of Georgia. The city, which was the capital of the Transcaucasian Federation formed by Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan for a very short time in 1918, remained the capital of independent Georgia between 1918-1921. On February 25, 1921, Red Army invaded the city, and then the city became the capital of Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic.

In 1936 it became the capital of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic and this period lasted until 1991. In 1956, 1978 and 1989, extensive demonstrations were held against Tbilisi against the Moscow administration. The 1956 and 1989 demonstrations were bloody suppressed by the Moscow administration.

Features of Tbilisi

Tbilisi has a population of 1.04 million as of 2018. The surface area is 350 square kilometers. The weather in Tbilisi, which has a humid subtropical clime, is hot in summer and cold in winter. Annual average temperature is 12.7 degrees. In January, which is the coldest month, the temperature is 1 degree, the warmest month is 25 degrees in July. It is raining most in May and June.

The territory of Georgia is mountainous and divided into three regions. The North Caucasus Mountains, which stretch like a set in the north, form a series of parallel mountain strands rising eastward and separated by deep valleys. The highest points of the region are Shkhara (5,068 m), Rustaveli (4,960 m), Tetnults (4,852 m).

Georgia is rich in mining. The main underground resources are coal, manganese, oil, natural gas, and marble. Forests and bushes cover one-third of Georgia’s land. Alpine-type vegetation is dominant in high sections. In the forests, there are various trees such as oak, chestnut, beech, Caucasian fir, ash, linden, Pitsunda pine. The territory of Georgia is rich in wildlife.

Important Places to See in Tbilisi

Having the extraordinary nature of the Caucasus, Georgia is truly a country worth seeing. Each city has a different composition and natural beauty. The capital Tbilisi contains all the lines of old and new life. Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, is located on the foothills of Trialeti and in the eastern part of the country. An ancient crossroads between Asia and Europe in Tbilisi, which has a magnificent view of the Old Town of Europe.

It is a worthy destination with its narrow winding streets, magnificent religious buildings, traditional wooden houses and caravanserais. At the beginning of places to visit in Tbilisi; Old Tbilisi, Gabriadze Theater and Museum of Fine Arts.

Tbilisi is the capital of Georgia, a small country in the Caucasus Mountains between Russia and Turkey. Tbilisi has about 1.5 million citizens. The city started around 400 BCE as a fortress on top of what used to be one of the original hills in town.

Tiflis was captured by Arabs after 654 CE but regained independence around 888-913 only to fall again under Arab control starting in 1010 until it was taken by Mongols led by Genghis Khan in 1226 followed by Persians until 1735 when it came under Imperial Russian rule through to 1917.


Why is Atlanta the Capital of Georgia?

After the 1821 Indian Removal Act, the Muscogee (among others) were forcibly removed from their land by the federal government. This paved the way for white settlers to take over land in the northeastern part of Georgia. Atlanta would be established in 1836 as a rail link between the Chattahoochee River and the Tennessee River. The industrial growth of Atlanta would lead to almost immediate calls that it should be the capital.

Following the American Civil War, much of Atlanta, and the entire state, had to be gradually rebuilt. Jobs in Atlanta attracted an even greater wave of new residents. With a superior rail and transportation network, the Reconstruction government voted to move the capital of Georgia from Milledgeville to Atlanta in 1868.

Which Countries Have Two Or More Capital Cities?


Benin, a country in West Africa has two capital cities, Port-Novo and Cotonou. In Benin, Porto-Novo has always been the official capital, even back when Benin was a French colony. Despite this, Cotonou has always been the city that has housed the country’s government. This trend of these two cities playing these roles has continued even after Benin achieved its independence in 1970.


The reason that Bolivia has two capitals cities goes back to the Federal Revolution of 1899. The Liberal Party was mostly backed by tin mine families in La Paz, while the ruling conservative party was mostly backed by silver mine families in Sucre. The Liberals overthrew the Conservatives, and one of their demands was to move the official capital to La Paz. Eventually, there was an agreement to keep the official capital in Sucre, while La Paz would get more power by being where the executive and legislative seats of the government would be located.


As you can see, there is a lot to learn about the geography of Georgia. If you want more information on this topic or any other aspects of life in one of our great Southern states.

That concludes our blog post on the capital of Georgia. Hopefully, this has helped you become more knowledgeable about what is happening in your state and country!